Neuroergonomics can be
as the study of brain and behavior at work. This
interdisciplinary area of research
and practice has come to the fore in recent
with the emergence of new noninvasive technologies
for monitoring human
brain function and
the application of these methods to the study of
behavior in relation to technology
two disciplines that are themselves
interdisciplinary, neuroscience and
ergonomics (or human factors). Neuroscience is
study of brain function. Ergonomics seeks to match
technology to the
capabilities and limitations
of people so that they may work effectively and
together. The goal of merging these two fields is
to provide a means for
using the startling
discoveries of human brain and physiological functioning
inform the design of technologies in
the workplace and at home. At the same
neuroergonomics seeks to provide new training methodologies
increased knowledge of human brain
function to enhance human performance (or
peoples capabilities) and optimize the fit between
technology. To optimize the
fit, neuroergonomics works from both
peoples capabilities for successful interaction
technology, as well as accommodating
technology to people.
For a recent overview of the field, see the book by Parasuraman and Rizzo (Eds.) Neuroergonomics: The Brain at Work. Oxford University Press, 2007. See Books.
research focuses on the
use of measures of neural function for the assessment
attention and mental workload during multiple-task
performance. We use
Sonography (TCD) and event-related brain potentials
The goal of this work is
neural measures that can potentially be used for
in complex task environments.
Another research thrust is concerned with using
genetic methods to assess individual
differences in attention and mental
Neuroergonomics of Attention, Action Recognition, and Action Performance Applied to Uninhabited Vehicles (Army Research Laboratory)
Fedota, J., & Parasuraman, R. (2009). Neuroergonomics and human error. Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science, in press.
Parasuraman, R. (2009). Assaying individual differences in cognition with molecular genetics: Theory, empirical findings, and applications. Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science, in press.
Warm, J. S., Matthews, G., & Parasuraman, R. (2009). Cerebral hemodynamics and vigilance. Military Psychology, 21 (Suppl. 1), S75-S100.
Parasuraman, R., & Wilson, G. F. (2008). Putting the brain to work: Neuroergonomics past, present, and future. Human Factors, 50, 468-474.
Warm, J. S., Parasuraman, R., & Matthews, G. (2008). Vigilance requires hard mental work and is stressful. Human Factors, 50, 433-441.
Helton, W. S., Hollander, T. H.,Warm, J. S., Tripp, L. D., Parsons, K., Matthews, G., Dember, W. N., Parasuraman, R., & Hancock, P. A. (2007). The abbreviated vigilance task and cerebral hemodynamics. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 29, 545–552.
Kramer, A., & Parasuraman, R. (2007). Neuroergonomics—application of neuroscience to human factors. In J. Caccioppo, L. Tassinary, L., & G. Berntson, (Eds.) Handbook of Psychophysiology, 2nd ed. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Fu, R., & Parasuraman, R. (2007). Event-related brain potentials in neuroergonomics. In R. Parasuraman, & M. Rizzo (Eds.) Neuroergonomics: The Brain at Work. (pp. 32-50). New York: Oxford University Press.
Warm. J. S., & Parasuraman, R. (2007). Cerebral hemodynamics and vigilance. In R. Parasuraman & M. Rizzo (Eds.) Neuroergonomics: The Brain at Work. (pp. 146-158). New York: Oxford University Press.